玉耶經
 
    東晉天竺三藏竺曇無蘭譯
聞如是。一時佛在舍衛國祇樹給孤獨園。佛
為四輩弟子說法。時給孤獨家。先為子娶婦
長者家女。女名玉耶。端正姝好而生憍慢。
不以婦禮承事妐姑夫婿。給孤長者夫妻議
言。子婦不順不依法禮。設加杖捶不欲行
此。置不教訶其過轉增。當如之何。長者曰。
唯佛大聖善能化物。剛強弭伏無敢不從。請
佛來化。妻言大善。明旦嚴服往詣佛所。頭
面著地前白佛言。我家為子娶婦甚大憍慢。
不以禮節承事我子。唯願世尊。明日自屈。
將諸弟子到舍中飯。并為玉耶說法。令心開
解改過行善。佛告長者。善哉善哉。給孤長者
聞佛受請歡喜禮佛接足而去。歸舍齋戒供
辦中飯。明日佛與千二百五十弟子到長者家。
長者歡喜迎佛作禮。佛坐已定。大小皆出禮
佛卻住。玉耶逃藏不肯禮佛。佛即變化。令長
者家。屋宅牆壁。皆如琉璃水精之色內外相
見。玉耶見佛有三十二相八十種好。身紫
金色光明暉暉。玉耶惶怖心驚毛豎。即出禮
佛頭頂懺悔卻在右面。佛告玉耶。女人不當
自恃端正輕慢夫婿。何謂端正。除卻邪態八
十四姤定意一心是為端正。不以顏色面目
髮綵為端正也。女人身中有十惡事。何等為
十。一者女人初生墮地父母不喜。二者養育
視無滋味。三者女人心常畏人。四者父母
憂嫁娶。五者與父母生相離別。六者常畏夫
婿視其顏色。歡悅輒喜瞋恚則懼。七者懷妊
產生甚難。八者女人小為父母所撿錄。九者
中為夫婿所制。十者年老為兒孫所呵。從生
至終不得自在。是為十事。女人不自覺知。玉
耶長跪叉手白佛。稟受賤身不閑禮儀。唯
願世尊。具說教訓為婦之法。佛告玉耶。婦事
姑妐夫婿。有五善三惡。何等為五善。一者
為婦當晚臥早起。櫛梳髮綵整頓衣服。洗拭
面目勿有垢穢。執於作事先啟所尊。心常恭
順。設有甘美不得先食。二者夫﹝土*胥﹞呵罵不得
瞋恨。三者一心守夫婿。不得念邪婬。四者常
願夫婿長壽。出行婦當整頓家中。五者常念
夫善不念夫惡。是為五善。何等為三惡。一
者不以婦禮承事姑妐夫婿。但欲美食先
而噉之。未冥早臥日出不起。夫欲教呵瞋
目視夫。應拒猶罵。二者不一心向夫婿。但
念他男子。三者欲令夫死早得更嫁。是為三
惡。玉耶默然無辭答佛。佛告玉耶。世間有
七輩婦。一婦如母。二婦如妹。三婦如善知
識。四婦如婦。五婦如婢。六婦如怨家。七婦如
奪命。是為七輩婦。汝豈解乎。玉耶白佛。不
知七婦盡何所施行。願佛為解之。佛告玉耶。
諦聽諦聽善思念之。吾當為汝分別解說。何
等為母婦。母婦者。愛念夫婿猶若慈母。侍其
晨夜不離左右。供養盡心不失時宜。夫若行
來恐人輕易。見則憐念心不疲厭。憐夫如
子。是為母婦。何等為妹婦。妹婦者。承事夫
婿盡其敬誠。若如兄弟同氣分形。骨肉至親
無有二情。尊奉敬之如妹事兄。是為妹婦。何
等為善知識婦者。侍其夫婿愛念懇至。依依
戀戀不能相棄。私密之事常相告示。見過依
呵令行無失。善事相敬使益明慧。相愛欲
令度世如善知識。是為善知識婦。何等為婦
婦者。供養大人竭誠盡敬。承事夫婿謙遜順
命。夙興夜寐恭恪言命口無逸言身無逸行。
有善推讓過則稱己。誨訓仁施勸進為道。心
端專一無有分邪。精修婦節終無闕廢。進
不犯儀退不失禮。唯和為貴。是為婦婦。何等
為婢婦者。常懷畏慎不敢自慢。兢兢趣事無
所避憚。心常恭恪忠孝盡節。言以柔軟性常
和穆。口不犯麤邪之言。身不入放逸之行。
貞良純一質朴直信。琣裗Y整。以禮自將夫
婿。納幸不以憍慢。設不接遇不以為怨。或得
捶杖分受不恚。及見罵辱默而不恨。甘心樂
受無有二意。勸進所好不妒聲色。遇己曲薄
不訴求直。務修婦節不擇衣食。專精恭恪唯
恐不及。敬奉夫婿婢事大家。是為婢婦。何
等為怨家婦者。見夫不歡矞h瞋恚。晝夜思
念欲得解離。無夫婦心常如寄客。狺狺鬥諍
無所畏忌。亂頭墜臥不可作使。不念治家
養活兒子。或行婬蕩不知羞恥。狀如犬畜毀
辱親里。譬如怨家。是為怨家婦。何等為奪
命婦者。晝夜不寐恚心相向。當何方便得
相遠離。欲與毒藥恐人覺知。或至親里遠
近寄之。作是瞋恚常共賊之。若持寶物雇人
害之。或使傍夫伺而殺之。怨﹝打-丁+王﹞夫命。是為
奪命婦。是為七輩婦。玉耶默然。
佛告玉耶。五善婦者常有顯名。言行有法眾
人愛敬。宗親九族並蒙其榮。天龍鬼神皆來
擁護使不﹝打-丁+王﹞擴。萬分之後得生天上七寶宮
殿。在所自然侍從左右。壽命延長恣意所欲
快樂難言。天上壽盡下生世間。當為富貴侯
王子孫。端正聰慧人所奉尊。其惡婦者常得
惡名。令現在身不得安寧。數為惡鬼眾毒所
病。臥起不安惡夢驚怖。所願不得多逢災
撗。萬分之後魂神受形。當入地獄餓鬼畜
生。展轉三塗累劫不竟。
佛告玉耶。是七輩婦汝欲行何。玉耶流涕前
白佛言。我心愚癡無智所作。自今以後改往
修來。當如婢婦奉事妐姑夫婿。盡我壽命不
敢憍慢。佛告玉耶。善哉善哉。人誰無過能
改者。善莫大焉。玉耶即前請受十戒為優婆
夷。佛告玉耶。持一戒者不得殺生。二者不
得偷盜取他人財物。三者不得婬他男子。
四者不得飲酒。五者不得妄語。六者不得
惡罵。七者不得綺語。八者不得嫉妒。九者不
得瞋恚。十者當信作善得福作惡得罪。信佛
信法信比丘僧。是為十戒優婆夷法。終身奉
行不敢違犯。佛說經已。諸弟子皆悉作禮。
給孤長者姑妐大小及其玉耶。盡行澡水
供養佛百味飲食。佛告玉耶。當信布施常得
其福。德後世當復生長者家。玉耶言諾。佛
飯畢竟。噠嚫咒願。五十善神擁護汝身。佛
告玉耶。勤念經戒。玉耶言。我蒙佛恩得聞
經法。皆前為佛作禮而退。
玉耶經
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          網頁版大藏經之資料來源:中華電子佛典協會

             以下是資料來源的相關訊息:

【經文資訊】大正新脩大藏經 第二冊 No. 143《玉耶經》

【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 V1.9 (Big5) 普及版,完成日期:2006/04/12

【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正新脩大藏經所編輯

【原始資料】蕭鎮國大德提供/張文明大德二校,維習安大德提供之高麗藏 CD 經文,北美某大德提供

【其它事項】本資料庫可自由免費流通,詳細內容請參閱【中華電子佛典協會版權宣告】(http://www.cbeta.org/copyright.htm)

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# Taisho Tripitaka Vol. 2, No. 143 玉耶經

# CBETA Chinese Electronic Tripitaka V1.9 (Big5) Normalized Version, Release Date: 2006/04/12

# Distributor: Chinese Buddhist Electronic Text Association (CBETA)

# Source material obtained from: Text as provided by Mr. Hsiao Chen-Kuo / proofread twice by Mr. Chang Wen-Ming, Tripitaka Koreana as provided by Mr. Christian Wittern, Text as provided by Anonymous, USA

# Distributed free of charge. For details please read at http://www.cbeta.org/copyright_e.htm

=========================================================================

玉耶經

本經佛學辭彙一覽(共 65 條)

一心

七寶

人身

八十種好

十戒

十惡

十善

三十二相

三塗

三藏

中有

分別

天竺

天龍

心相

方便

比丘

世尊

世間

布施

生相

地前

地獄

妄語

有法

自在

佛說

弟子

事相

供養

咒願

孤獨園

所作

放逸

明慧

舍衛

舍衛國

長者

施行

柔軟

祇樹

祇樹給孤獨園

琉璃

鬼神

偷盜

殺生

給孤獨園

善知識

善神

飲酒

愛欲

壽命

綺語

說法

魂神

瞋恚

餓鬼

曇無

優婆夷

齋戒

願佛

懺悔

歡喜

變化

憍慢